Chichester, Engeland: September 3, 2013. De Groenlandse regering heeft een kans om de economische en sociale voordelen van de natuurlijke hulpbronnen te maximaliseren door middel van een inclusieve aanpak van edelsteen mijnbouw, volgens een onafhankelijk rapport.
Gepubliceerd door Fair Jewelry Actie (FJA), de studie, gerechtigd, Het creëren van een welvarende en inclusieve Gemstone Industry in Groenland, has received the full support of the 16th August Union, a miners association campaigning to re-establish the rights of Greenlanders to collect gemstones in Greenland.
The report highlights how the strategic inclusion of traditional mining rights to exploit Greenland’s gemstone resources would generate greater economic and social benefit for the country than by industrial mining alone.
A spokesperson for the 16th August Union, who did not want to be named for fear of reprisals, believes that the report is invaluable because it covers many elements in the ongoing conflict over who will control the mineral rights in Greenland.
Some of the issues investigated in the report include the human rights impact due to Greenland’s Bureau of Mines and Petroleum (BMP) mining act of 2009, the ongoing ruby conflict with True North Gems (TNG), a Canadian mining company, and ruby and sapphire pricing irregularities.
The spokesperson also affirmed the report’s documentation of the historical injustices that have been perpetrated in the name of rubies and sapphires, and how members of BMP acted beyond their powers.
“Because local people have been arrested by the BMP and had their ruby confiscated, and the courts have not prosecuted any cases in over 5 jaar, ruby and sapphire from TNG cannot be called ethical and ethnically conflict free Greenlandic products. Daarom, the market branding of Greenlandic gemstones will also become an issue. Bovendien, the opportunity to develop a gemstone polishing industry is being lost by exporting the ruby and sapphire as rough outside of Greenland. These marketing rights should be prohibited and only be branded by gemstones polished in Greenland,” said the spokesperson.
An Opportunity for the Greenlandic Government
The report suggests that to take advantage of this opportunity will require the Greenland home rule government to reinstate traditional prospecting and mining rights to indigenous Greenlanders.
Samuel Lowe, lead researcher for the report stated, “Coloured gemstone mining in Greenland is particularly suited to a complimentary approach whereby its resources can be exploited by both artisanal and industrial mining. Echter, unless the Greenland government reinstates mining rights to its people, the economic potential of its natural resources will not be fully realized.”
The report offers guidance on how the Greenland home rule government can provide institutional support for a future gemstone sector in Greenland, and at the same time become a leading example in respecting indigenous rights and promoting responsible environmental management.
Ian Doyle the co-author stated, “Exceptionally high-grade gemstones require exceptional vision, and the Greenland government has the potential to be at the forefront of social innovation through a strategic approach to its gemstone sector.”
In the forward to the document, Greg Valerio, FJA co-founder and international campaigner and activist for fair trade and ethical practices in the jewellery sector, emphasized how Greenland ruby could represent the sought after ‘exclusivity factor’ of jewellery.
“Apart from being a nation changing product, a gem quality ruby or sapphire that enshrines the values of local community, responsible environmental small-scale mining, economic regeneration and human rights will be precisely the kind of gemstone the jewellery industry is looking to get behind. Surely this is what makes a gemstone precious,” said Valerio.
Het creëren van een welvarende en inclusieve Gemstone Industry in Groenland follows on from FJA’s 2011 report Uplifting the Earth: The Ethical Performance of Luxury Jewellery Brands, which received acclaim from the Centre of Studies on Sustainable Luxury.
Fair Sieraden Actie (FJA) is een Human Rights and Environmental Justice Network binnen de juweliersbranche. FJA bevordert ethische en fair trade sieraden praktijken door te pleiten voor traceerbaarheid en transparantie in de sieraden supply chain. www.fairjewelry.org
Noot voor de redactie.For a copy of Creating a Prosperous and Inclusive Gemstone Industry in Greenland click on this LINK
For press interviews and comments about FJA’s Greenland ruby campaign can be directed to Greg Valerio in the UK, Ian Doyle in the EU and Marc Choyt in North America through FJA’s contact address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
For interviews with 16th August Union spokesperson please email Lars Schou at email@example.com.
1th August Union is a Greenlandic organisation run by local gemstone enthusiasts working for the citizen rights to freely collect alluvial gemstones and commercialize Greenlandic gemstones as to the former ‘common ownership’ principles of the citizens in Greenland. www.freegreenlandruby.com.
Greg Valerio was the winner of the The Observer Campaigner of the year award 2011.